Archive For The “Hidden Camera” Category

Evaluating Evidence About Diagnostic Tests

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Evaluating Evidence About Diagnostic Tests

Four types of diagnostic tests are used. Screening tests are performed on apparently healthy people to distinguish those who have a disease from those who do not.Case-finding tests assess patients for disorders that are unrelated to the reasons they came to the physician. A diagnostic test is specifically ordered to determine the cause of a…

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CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE

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CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE

chronic renal failure is defined as progressive and irreversible loss of renal function. The most common causes ultimately leading to end-stage renal disease(ESRD) are listed. Loss of 75% of glomerular filtration rate(GFR) does not usually result in pronounced symptoms because the remaining glomeruli hyperfiltration, and the tubules adjust by maintaining adequate acid-base, fluid and electrolyte…

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Renal Arterial occlusion

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Renal Arterial occlusion

Partial renal artery occlusion may be caused by arteriosclerotic disease or fibromuscular which may lead to hypertension or ischemic nephropathy as a result of progressive atherosclerotic arterial stenosis. Renal artery occlusion may also occur as a result of thrombotic or embolic phenomena. Thrombosis may result from blunt trauma or dissection of the renalartery or may…

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PULMONARY EMBOLISM

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PULMONARY EMBOLISM

The lungs function as a filter for blood returning from the systemic circulation and, therefore, material too large to pass through the pulmonary capillary system may become lodged in the pulmonary vasculature. Depending on the size and composition of the embolic material, these pulmonary emboli (PEs) may be asymptomatic or may result in profound abnormalities…

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Cardiac Disease in Pregnancy

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Cardiac Disease in Pregnancy

Pregnancy is associated with dramatic changes in the cardiovascular system that may result in significant he modynamic stress to the patient with underlying heart disease. During a normal pregnancy, plasma volume increases an average of 50%, beginning in the first trimester and peaking between the 20th and 24th weeks of pregnancy. This change is accompanied…

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SYNCOPE

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SYNCOPE

Syncope is defined as the sudden, transient loss of consciousness and may be the result of a variety of cardiac and noncardiac conditions. Presyncope is a feeling of impending syncope without true loss of consciousness. Cardiovascular causes are responsible for the vast majority of cases and produce loss of consciousness by means of a drop…

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The Story-Teller !

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The Story-Teller !

“I didn’t listen after the first bit, it was so stupid,” said Cyril The amaller girl made no actual comment on the story, but she had long ago recommenced a murmured repetition of her favorite line aid the bachelor suddenly”You don’t seem to be a success as a story-teller from his corner, The aunt bristled…

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CLAY !

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CLAY !

The women would have their tea at six o’clock and she would be able to get away before seven. From Ballsbridge to the Pillar, twenty minutes, from the Pillar to Drumcondra, twenty minutes and twenty minutes to buy the things. She would be there, before eight. She took out her purse with the silver clasps…

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The death of Ivan Ilych !

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The death of Ivan Ilych !

So Ivan Ilych seventeen years after his marriage. He was al ready a Public Prosecutor of long standing, and had declined several proposed transfers while awaiting a more desirable post, when an unanticipated unpleasant occurrence quite upset the peaceful course of life. He was expecting to be offered the post of presiding judge in a…

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Euphemism/Derogation

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Euphemism/Derogation

Euphemism is a polite, more socially or politically acceptable, alternative expression for an area considered taboo or inappropriate. In other words, it is disguising whatever is ugly, repulsive, less offensive, or neutral labels. Euphemistic term can be used as a way of being vague and unclear, or to cover up the truth or reality of…

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