Students answer questions in the target language based on their understanding of the reading passage. Often the questions are sequenced so that the first group of questions asks for information contained within the reading passage. In order to answer the second group of questions, students will have to make inferences based on their understanding of the passage. This means they will have answer questions about the passage even though the answers are not contained in the passage itself. The third group of questions requires students to relate the passage to their own experience 1)Antonyms/Symomyms : Students are given one set of words and are asked to find antonyms in the reading passage. A similar exercise could be done by asking students to find synonyms for a particular set of words. or students might be asked to define a set of words based on their understanding of them as they occur in the reading passage. Other exercises that ask students to work with the vocabulary of the passage are also possible. 2)Cognates: Students are taught to recognize cognates by learning the spelling or sound patterns that correspond between the languages. Students are also in asked to memorize words that look like cognates but have meanings the target language that are different from those in the native language. This technique, of course, would only be useful in languages that share cognates. 3)Deductive Application of Rules : Grammer each rule are Grammar rules are presented with examples. Exceptions to also noted. Once students understand a rule, they are asked to apply it to some different examples.