Prologue !

Prologue !

Thanks and praise be to God(to Him be power and glory) who is the Creator of heaven and earth, the Provider of daily food for His servanti, the Knower of the hidden and the open, the Pardoner of sins; and blessings upon the best of mortals. The Chosen One(the prayers of Allah and His peace be upon him), who is the greatest of prophets, the elect of the God of the world, the vehicle of the Quran, and the advocate of his people on the day of judgment; blessings too upon his Companions and the people of his house. Thus says Hasan of Tus that in the year 479 (of the Hijra/1086 AD) Abu’l-Fath Malikshah ibn Muhammad, Glorifier of the World and the Faith, Right Hand of the Commander of the Faithful(may Allah strengthen his helpers and double his power), issued a sublime, imperial command to his servant and to several others, instructing each one of them to give thought to the condition of the country, and to consider whether there is in our age and time anything out of order either in the divan, the court, the royal palace or the dience hall-anything whosc au principles are not being observed by us or are unknown to us whether there are any functions which kings before us have performed and we are not fulfilling: Consider further what have been the laws and customs of kings and kingship, followed in past time by the Saljuq sultans, make a digest of them and present them for our judgment we shall then reflect n them and give orders that hereafter affairs religious and wo should proceed in accordance with their proper rules: what is remediable we shall remedy; we shall see that every duty is discharged correctly and according to God’s commands, and that all wrong practices are tinued; for since God(be He exalted) has given us His consummate nd bestowed the world and the kingship of the world upon us and subdued all our enemies, henceforward nothing in our empire must crist happen that is deficient or disordered or contrary to the religious law. I then, drawing upon what I have found out, seen, experienced and learned from masters have described what I know of this subject and composed this book in fifty chapters; the following list shows the contents of each chapter, moreover at various points in every chapter 1 have introduced suitable quotations from the traditions of the Prophet and stories about great men,so that the book may be interesting and not wearisome to read.

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