Some of the people who read newspapers are very wel informed. They are familiar with the major stories of the day and have a good understanding of the world situation. Many other pepole , however , are not so well informed. In fact, they may know very little about what is happening in the world. The news writer writes for both types of people. When reporting a story, the news writer provides key facts for the well informed and also includes background information about the past related events for those who may be unfamiliar with the subject matter.
Background information makes the story more meaningful to the reader by providing information about the past related events which led to the preset evet or story.
The following story concerns the launching of a rocket. This is not an unusual occurrence in our modern world, but note how the writer provides background information on the previous attempts to launch the satellite into space in order to explain why this particular lunch is a significant one.